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Week 4 Quiz

Question 1For which of the following symptoms should an exercising elder stop and contact a physician?irregular heart beatnausea or vomiting during or after exercisemuscle sorenessall of the abovea and b1 pointsQuestion 2Parkinson’s disease is involuntary shaking of the extremities that occurs during movement.TrueFalse1 pointsQuestion 3Which type of research study is considered the gold standard (best)?cross-sectionalrandomizedblinded seriesrandomized double blindsystematic double blind1 pointsQuestion 4On the average, older Americans are not as healthy, are less educated and have lower incomes than younger adults.TrueFalse1 pointsQuestion 5Which of the following is NOT an age-associated change of the ear?a gradual inability to hear high-pitched soundsbones break in the middle earear wax accumulatesall of the above are due to ageb and c1 pointsQuestion 6About half the elder population subsists on incomes below the poverty level.TrueFalse1 pointsQuestion 7Which of these characteristics is common among centenarians?they have elderly family membersthey have lower rates of diseasesthey live independently, with or without a partnera and ball of the above1 pointsQuestion 8Which of the following has been attributed to elders’ decreased caloric needs with age?decreased metabolic ratedecreased proportion of body fatdecreased physical activityall of the abovea and c1 pointsQuestion 9Which of the following is NOT an age-associated change in the nervous system?crystallized intelligence declinesneurons accumulate lipofuscindecline of memory and speed of processing informationreduction of blood flow to the brainall of the above occur with advanced age1 pointsQuestion 10What is a nosocomial infection?an infection contracted in a hospitalan infection that cannot be cured with antibioticsan infection that accompanies a chronic conditionan infection that remains dormant for many yearsan infection transmitted by sexual contact1 pointsQuestion 11Which of the following mental disorders is considered a psychotic disorder?deliriumobsessive compulsive disorderschizophrenianone of the abovemore than one of the above1 pointsQuestion 12A healthy elder needs up to two quarts of water each day, some of which is obtained from food.TrueFalse1 pointsQuestion 13The two most commonly reported health conditions reported by elders are:hypertension and arthritisheart disease and arthritishypertension and cancerarthritis and diabetesheart disease and cancer1 pointsQuestion 14What factor has the highest influence on longevity?genderethnicityincomeeducational levelb and c equally1 pointsQuestion 15The most common cause of hospitalization among older adults is:heart diseaselung diseasediabetesarthritisnone of the above1 pointsQuestion 16Which of the following is false regarding vitamin D?deficiency causes osteoarthritisincreases the amount of calcium absorbed from the intestinesrequirement can be met by sunlightrequirement can be met by supplementsall are true1 pointsQuestion 17Senile pruritus” is a fancy name for:the decrease in peripheral vision that accompanies agingitching of the skinincontinencehigh blood pressurethe loss of ability to hear high pitched sounds1 pointsQuestion 18It is generally agreed that racial differences in life expectancy are due primarily to genetic factors.TrueFalse1 pointsQuestion 19The most important risk factor for Parkinson’s disease is age.TrueFalse1 pointsQuestion 20More than 400,000 elders are responsible for raising one or more grandchildren.TrueFalse1 pointsQuestion 21Activities of Daily Living Scale (ADL) measure the ability of older adults to:live safely in the communityperform more complex activities needed to live independentlymanage their chronic illness effectivelyperform self-care activities in the homenone of the above1 pointsQuestion 22Define perception.receiving and processing input from the environment that involves the senses as well as emotions within yourself and othersability of the person to choose what to focus on in the environmentthe accumulated data you store throughout your life about what you have experienced and what you knowthe ability to draw conclusions and make judgments from informationability to acquire and apply knowledge accumulated throughout life1 pointsQuestion 23What factor has the largest influence on life expectancy?ethnicityraceincomegenderall have equal influence1 pointsQuestion 24Which of the following diseases has no symptoms in most cases?diabetescongestive heart failureanginahypertensionnone of the above1 pointsQuestion 25Why are elders at a greater risk for illness or death from common infections?age-associated physiological changesthe prevalence of chronic illnessesenvironmental influencesall of the abovea and b1 pointsQuestion 26It is hypothesized that females have a genetic advantage that enables them to live longer than males in almost all animal species.TrueFalse1 pointsQuestion 27Older men and women who live alone have poorer diets than those who live with a spouse.TrueFalse1 pointsQuestion 28Adult-onset diabetes is characterized by:loss of receptivity of body cells to insulinhigh sugar dietpresence of a genetic defectdecreased insulin productionall of the above1 pointsQuestion 29The greatest barrier to receiving dental care for older people ishesitancy to visit a dentistinability to speak Englishthey are not treated properlyinability to pay1 pointsQuestion 30The three leading causes of death among elders, in order of mortality, are:heart disease, accidents, strokecancer, heart disease, accidentsstroke, heart disease, cancerheart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory diseases1 pointsQuestion 31Alcohol ingestion can lead to malnutrition by:diminishing appetitedecreasing absorption of vitaminsincreasing need for minerals and vitaminsall of the aboveb and c1 pointsQuestion 32The life span for humans is:75-85 years85-95 years95-105 years105-115 years115-120 years1 pointsQuestion 33Which of the following is true regarding elders and sleep?elders report fewer sleep complaints than middle-aged adultsmost elders do not seek medical care for insomniasleep patterns change in the later yearsall of the aboveb and c only1 pointsQuestion 34Chronic illness can be difficult to diagnose among elders because they may:report different symptoms than younger groupmay complain of multiple, nonspecific symptomshave side effects from medication that are misinterpreted as another conditionsymptoms of chronic illness may be incorrectly attributed to normal age changesall of the above1 pointsQuestion 35Native Americans receive all the health care they need from the tribal reservations.TrueFalse1 pointsQuestion 36The biggest nutritional health problem in the United States is associated with:vitamin deficienciesmineral deficiencieslack of fiberobesitylack of protein1 pointsQuestion 37Why is diagnosis of an infection more difficult in elders than other age groups?important warning signs such as a fever may be atypical or absentnonspecific symptoms such as confusion or fatigue accompany an infectionwarning signs are misinterpreted as an association to age-related declineelders often do not report warning signs to their physiciansall of the above1 pointsQuestion 38Demography is the study of:race and ethnicity in the elderly populationthe size, geographical distribution and vital statistics of a particular groupthe relationship between minority groups and the level of care they receivethe geographical distribution of a particular groupnone of the above1 pointsQuestion 39“Miscarried helping” refers to:support that is excessive, untimely or inappropriatewhen caregivers are overburdened by responsibilities and unable to helpthe “sick role” behavior of older adultsthe need for caregiving by older adults with chronic illnessassistance provided by elders to those who have lost a baby1 pointsQuestion 40Life expectancyvaries among culturesis about 115-120 yearscontinues to increase in the U.S.a and call of the above1 pointsQuestion 41Which of the following factors is the most important in culturally competent care?the decoration of the buildingthe cultural background of the staff hired matches the population you want to servePlacing signs in the native languageSetting up systems addressing the needs and preferences of the clientele1 pointsQuestion 42Why are elders more susceptible to accidents than other age groups?reduced vision and hearingother chronic and acute conditionsmedications prescribedpoor gaitall of the above1 pointsQuestion 43What accounts for the largest proportion of death and disability among elders?chronic illnessesacute illnessaccidentssuicidescancer1 pointsQuestion 44Which of the following cognitive traits decline with age?memory loss of recent eventsability to reasonability to solve problemsall of the abovea and b1 pointsQuestion 45Why is the older population expanding?more people are surviving to old age while the birth rate is relatively constantthe baby boomers are “coming of age”life expectancy and birth rates of ethnic minorities are increasingtwo of the aboveall of the above1 pointsQuestion 46Dysphagia is difficulty in:losing weightswallowinggaining weightdigesting foodnone of the above1 pointsQuestion 47Which of the following are age-associated changes of the eye?inability of eye to focus on distant objectsdecreased speed of adaptation to darknessclouding and yellowing of the lensall of the aboveb and c1 pointsQuestion 48The four largest groups of minority elders are:Asian Americans, Alaskan Natives, Mexican Americans, and blacks Hispanic Americans.African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans and Asian Pacific Islanders.Hispanic Americans, Asian Pacific Islanders, Native Americans and Middle Eastern AmericansAfrican Americans, Southeast Asian Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans.1 pointsQuestion 49The strongest risk factor for dementia is:agegenderchromosomal abnormalityraceintelligence1 pointsQuestion 50The “zip code effect” explains why life in the rural areas is healthier than in the urban onesTrueFalse1 pointsSave and SubmitClick Save and Submit to save and submit. 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